An Overview of Different Rehabilitation Services
There are many different types of rehabilitation services to help those with mental and physical disabilities. These programs provide services like counseling, substance abuse treatment, psychological counseling, therapy sessions, physical rehabilitation, and other individualized services. Most rehabilitation services offer a variety of programs that meet the diverse needs of those who suffer from a disability.
Alcohol Treatment Centers
Those who seek treatment for alcohol and/or drug abuse will find the majority of the facilities operate on the 12-step philosophy. Alcohol and drug treatment includes:
- Inpatient treatment – With this type of center, patients are unable to leave the facilities for 30 to 90 days or longer, and while some programs will allow family members to attend some of the sessions, others will only allow communication by phone. Treatment may begin with a detoxification period that requires medical supervision until the patient has stabilized. Initially, there is an assessment, which is done to develop an effective treatment plan for the patient. Each day is usually a full schedule that consists of different treatment activities like group therapy, individual therapy, fitness, specialty groups, and educational lectures.
- Intensive outpatient programs – These allow the patient to continue living at home and work while attending treatment. The lengths of time can vary, depending on the facility, but many programs last up to 8 weeks and require 4 to 5 days of evening sessions each week. The program is similar to inpatient treatment and begins with an assessment to determine a treatment plan, which includes group and individual therapy sessions and educational lectures.
Dual Diagnosis Rehabilitation Centers
Some people suffer from a mental disorder and substance abuse addiction, which can cause many different symptoms. This is considered a "dual diagnosis," which can require treatment in a specialized rehabilitation center. A dual diagnosis rehabilitation center generally has both inpatient and outpatient programs:
- Inpatient programs - These may include a 30-, 60-, or 90-day treatment with addiction specialists and therapists to combine several different types of recovery techniques and treatment approaches. Many centers will assign each patient a case manager and primary therapist, as well as a nurse and counselor.
- Outpatient programs –Some facilities offer outpatient treatment only if the patient has been through an inpatient program first, or has had a similar residential treatment service. The program includes 3 to 4 hours each night until the counselor decides the patient has successfully completed the program.
Patients that suffer from a mental illness require psychiatric help to develop the intellectual, emotional, and social skills needed to live an independent life within their community. This generally involves helping the patient develop skills and effective strategies to deal with stressful environments, as well as the tools to reduce any possible stressors. An important step in the treatment process is to help the patient identify what their personal goals are, which will help motivate them and provide something to work towards.
A rehabilitation center typically refers to a facility dedicated to helping patients restore or maintain levels of functioning, physical strength, and performance skills. This is done with a professional staff who are well-trained and who utilize the best techniques and treatment options to ensure a successful recovery for the patient. Some common rehabilitation programs include:
- Orthopedic rehabilitation – This focuses more on injuries and disorders that affect bones, joints, and muscles, as well as those who need assistance following an operation.
- Industrial therapy – This involves the treatment of work related injuries, and the main goal is to quickly treat patients so they can safely return to work. Part of this therapy also involves educating the patients on effective strategies for preventing workplace injuries.
Those who have experienced a more serious injury that has required hospitalization often need additional rehabilitative care prior to returning home from the hospital. Rehabilitative care generally involves treatment and recovery programs, where patients are monitored and assisted by nursing staff with daily evaluations from the doctor. Therapy continues until the patient is able to successfully function physically on their own.