Understanding Health Services
There are a myriad of health services available to the general public in the U.S. ranging from diabetes education centers and dermatology services to psychiatric hospitals and residential care. Below is a short list of 14 different services with a brief description of each.
Counseling: On a collaborative basis, professional counselors and their clients identify the goals and possible solutions to various problems causing emotional upheaval in the clients' personal lives.
Dermatology Services: Dermatologists provide comprehensive skin, nail, and hair care services to adults and children of all ages. Offering therapeutic and diagnostic services as well as utilizing state-of-the-art technologies, these specialists customize care and treatment to an individual patient's needs.
Diabetes Education Centers: Ensure that diabetes self-care education is easily accessible to anyone who requires it, in order to effectively manage their diabetes, regardless of age and diabetes type (pre-diabetic, Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes).
Diagnostic Services: Encompass a wide range of tests essential to the basic management of medical care allowing doctors to detect disease conditions, make appropriate diagnoses, prescribe beneficial therapies, and monitor the ongoing progress of a client's medical condition(s).These include laboratory medicine, pathology, radiology, and nuclear medicine services.
Emergency Medical Services: EMS are a collaborative system (fire department, police services, ambulance services, etc.) with the main function of giving critical, emergency, medical care to patient(s) at a reported incident or accident resulting in serious injury and/or illness.
Family Physicians: Trained in all areas of medicine, family physicians diagnose and treat a wide range of problems that patients bring to their offices. As the "backbone" of a community's health care system, they are qualified to take care of the majority of their patients' medical needs, regardless of age or sex.
Hospitals: An institution for the care and treatment of medical, surgical, obstetric, and psychiatric patients. Hospitals provide medical/surgical services and diagnostic laboratory services to the general public.
In-Home Care Services: Offer comprehensive, high quality health and/or personal care to eligible clients and their families within their own homes. Clients benefit from multiple services including primary in-home health/personal care, provision of medical equipment, community based alternatives, and other home health services which meet their nursing, therapeutic, and social needs.
Mental Health Helplines: Confidential crisis "hotlines" generally made available to the public 24 hours a day, seven days a week. They are easily accessible from any land line, payphone, or cellular phone. Services are provided by professional volunteer staff that provide ongoing support to individuals currently experiencing a "crisis" situation in their lives.
Nutritional Services: Provide American school-aged children with healthy, top-quality meals within the local school setting. Part of the federal government's school nutrition program, meals that are served adhere to the current Dietary Guidelines for Americans. All menus are planned using the food based approach complying with the National School Breakfast and Lunch Programs.
Psychiatric Hospitals: Medical facilities specializing in diagnosing and treating patients with different mental illnesses including agoraphobia, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, and eating disorders. This type of hospital can be affiliated with a larger, public hospital system or operate privately.
Psychiatrists: Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of emotional and mental health problems. Based on a patient's individual needs, psychiatrists utilize various treatment options including psychiatric medications, psychotherapy, and/or hospitalization.
Residential Care: A crucial part of long term support services offered to aging American adults who can no longer live on their own but do not need the extra level of care provided by a nursing home. Residential care home provide small, home=-like settings to their aging clients, offering meal services and assistance with activities of daily living.
Support Groups: Gatherings of individuals having a common interest in a particular health concern or issue. Support groups typically focus on specific health conditions and personal situations including diabetes, breast cancer, heart disease, addictions, grieving for a loved one, and caregivers to elderly parents.